Ganpati Sthapana Puja is one of the most important and foremost
ritual of every Puja, Yagna or any auspicious task undertaken. Call him
Ganpati, or refer to him as Vinayaka, pray to him as Vighneshwara or
worship the Lambodara; they are few of many different names that Lord
Ganesha is known by. Lord Shiva had a warrior clan, which was
collectively known as Ganas and Ganpati was the ‘Ishta’, i.e; The Head
of the warrior clan. Hence he was bestowed with the name Ganesha!
Lord Ganesha is one of the most ardently worshipped deities across
the world. But most importantly, he is the Pratham Pujya i.e. the first
one to be worshipped during any Puja or auspicious occasion.
Importance and Significance of Ganpati Sthapana
and Visarjan Puja
As the story goes, Lord Shiva in anger, beheaded Ganpati. After this,
Lord Brahma granted a boon that Ganesh Puja will be performed before
Hence every auspicious or purification Vidhi requires the worship of
Lord Ganesh right at the start
At the same time, Ganapati Visarjan Vidhi teaches us the very
important concept of Samsaara i.e. the cycle of birth, death rebirth,and
that after death, every living being becomes one with nature again,
through its five elements, and is reincarnated in another form.
Benefits of Ganpati Sthapana and Visarjan Puja
Lord Ganesha is the lord of wisdom, prosperity and power. Out of all
the different Devatas, Lord Ganesha is known to be the most
intelligent.Lord Ganesha is the lord of wisdom, prosperity and power.
Out of all the different Devatas, Lord Ganesha is known to be the most
Known as the Vighnaharta or Vighna-Vinashak this elephant-headed
lord is known to be a remover of obstacles. His presence is known to
dispel all evil.
When Lord Ganesha is prayed to at the beginning of the Puja, he
makes sure that the entire Puja happens without a glitch and that the
objectives for doing the Puja are achieved.
Lord Ganesh is also Buddhipriya i.e. he is fond of learning and
education. Hence, starting the Puja by taking his name helps the
worshippers gain enlightened by knowledge.
Since, he is also the manifestation of Omkar which represents one
and all, praying to him alone means one has prayed to all the elements
of the entire Universe.
Occasions to Perform Ganpati Sthapana and
Ganesh Visarjan marks the end of Ganesh Chaturthi and falls on the
day of Anant Chaturdashi. The Ganesh Chaturthi commences with the Ganesh
Sthapana and ends with Visarjan on the fifth, seventh or the last day.
Ganpati Sthapana and Visarjan Puja Vidhi
The Ganesh Sthapana Puja starts with setting up of the Ganesh Murti
or a Puja Paan (leaf/paper) or Kalash or maybe even all three together.
The latter two symbolize Lord Ganesh.
The Vidhi starts with praying to the Murti (Avaahan) and placing it
on a wooden base or a low table for Praan Pratishthan.
The next step is offering five flowers (preferably red hibiscus).
This is known as Pushpanjali.
We then wash Lord Ganesha’s feet with water and scented water
(Arghya). Water is also offered as a sip to be consumed (Aachaman).
It is then time for Ganesh snaanam and abhishekam. The murti has to
be first bathed using water and then with Panchamrut (a mix of milk,
curd, ghee, honey and sugar and in that order). This is followed by
application of scented oil on the murti. The final step is washing away
the excess oil using Gangaajal.
The murti is then made to wear new Vastras and Yajnopavita or
The freshly bathed and clothed murti is then offered grains of rice
i.e. akshata, then phoolmala, shaami patra, durva, sindoor,dhoop, diya
and Naivedya (Prasad).
The final offerings include 5 leaves of Paan along with betel nuts
(supari), coconuts and dakshina.
The Ganpati Sthapana Puja Vidhi is concluded by singing the Ganesh
Aartis and chanting various Ganesh Mantras
Ganesh Visarjan Puja Vidhi:
The Murti is worshipped by singing the Ganesh Aarti. For most Pujas,
visarjan is completed with a symbolic gesture of immersing of Ganesh
Paan in the water or by offering water over Kalash.
For The Ganesh Chaturthi Puja, the Visarjan takes place in a pool,
river or a bigger water body.
The Ganpati Visarjan puja vidhi is performed by dipping the Murti
three times in the water. The third dip should lead to complete
immersion. A part of the sand where Ganesha is immersed in water is
taken out and kept of the wooden Aaasana and stored safely at home.
People who were a part of the Visarjan Vidhi have to come back to
the Mandap or Pandal to sing the Aarti once again so that Lord Ganesha
visits us when we invite him next.
Mantras to Chant During Ganpati Sthapana and
Chanting Ganpati Atharvashish is considered most auspicious during
Ganesh Sthapana and Visarjan Puja. Few other mantras associated with
Ganesh Puja are -