Since ancient times, people have believed that everything in the
Universe has been created out of these five elements – Earth, Water,
Sky, Wind and Fire. Fire is considered as an element for purification.
Hence, most Hindu rituals are considered incomplete without fire. It
could be something as simple as lighting an incense stick or a diya or
it could be something as major as doing a Havan.
Importance and Significance of Havan
A Havan is also known as a Hom, Homan, Yagya or Agnihotra. Havan is a
Sanskrit word and it means a ritual wherein the devotees make offerings
to the Fire as a primary/core action. The Fire is considered to be Holy,
Sacred and sacrosanct. The Fire is a symbol of divine presence. A Havan
forms part of practically all Hindu Sanskaars. Common types of Havan
include Aayushya Havan, Mrityunjaya Havan, Dhanwantri Havan, Ganesh
Havan, Navagraha Havan, Vastu Havan etc. The fire is lit in a centre and
devotees make offerings along with chanting the mantras specific to the
objective for which the Havan has been organised. It is done either to
please a certain deity or done with some other objective in mind.
Benefits of Havan
A Havan has multiple benefits. The benefits are divine as well as
scientific. A Havan helps to:
Prevent infectious diseases.
Gain peace of mind.
Purify the atmosphere (scientifically and otherwise).
Achieve the objective we are aiming at.
Offer our prayers to our beloved deities.
Convert negative energies into positive ones.
Ensure good health.
Occasions to do a Havan
As discussed above, a havan is an important ritual on practically all
occasions. It is performed
When we are born and our name is chosen.
Before, during and after the Wedding.
While purchasing and moving into a new property.
To get rid of bad health.
At someone’s death as purification process.
To thank the Lord.
To get rid of bad astrological issues.
The most important thing in a Havan is the Havan Kund. It is the
center point in any Havan or Yagya wherein the fire is lit and the
offerings are made. It is either made of bricks or is a copper/stone
vessel. The Kund more often than not is a perfect square.
The kund is also decorated using paint, flowers, leaves and grains.
The samagri for Havan includes wood (especially mango tree wood and
sandalwood). The wood type used should be such that it burns easily
without creating bad and disturbing smoke. The pieces should be dry and
cut into sizes that perfectly fit the kund.
A pre-defined combination of thirty six herbs as well as other
ingredients like ghee, incense sticks, lamps, camphor, kumkum etc.
A Havan can be performed either indoors or outdoors. All devotees
sit around the Havan Kund.
The ones participating in the Havan have to be the primary ones to
Specific mantras are chanted and the devotees pour in the samagri
with their right hand using the two middle fingers and the thumb to hold
The pandit or the main devotee holds a long wooden spoon to pour in
the ghee, one spoon at a time.
While making the offerings, the pandits chant the mantra and each
time the mantra ends with a Swaha. The swaha is like a cue for the
devotees to pour in the offerings.
Mantras to Chant for Havan
Om Gan Ganpateya Namah | Om Tat Purusaya Vidmahe Vakratundaya
Dhimahi Tanno Danto Prachodayat ||
Om Bhura Bhuvah Svaha, Tat Sa Vitur Vareynyam | Bhargo Devasya
Dhimahi Dhiyo Yo Nah Prachodayat ||